How to Backup Linux Systems Using Mondo Rescue

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Mondo Rescue is an open source and backup tool that allows you to easily create backup of complete system to CD, DVD, Tape, USB devices, Hard Disk, and NFS. Its create Clone/Backup ISO Image. And we can easily restore that ISO into another system. If your data will loss or system gets crash, then you will be able to restore entire system data from backup media.

backup

Step #1: Download MondoRescue Repository

First we download MondoRescue Repository for your Linux OS distribution version using following command:

# cd /etc/yum.repos.d/

On CentOS/RHEL

## For CentOS/RHEL 6 - 64-Bit ##
# wget ftp://ftp.mondorescue.org/rhel/7/x86_64/mondorescue.repo

## For CentOS/RHEL 6 - 32-Bit ##
# wget ftp://ftp.mondorescue.org/rhel/6/i386/mondorescue.repo

## For CentOS/RHEL 6 - 64-Bit ##
# wget ftp://ftp.mondorescue.org/rhel/6/x86_64/mondorescue.repo

## For CentOS/RHEL 5 - 32-Bit ##
# wget ftp://ftp.mondorescue.org/rhel/5/i386/mondorescue.repo

## For CentOS/RHEL 5 - 64-Bit ##
# wget ftp://ftp.mondorescue.org/rhel/5/x86_64/mondorescue.repo

## For CentOS/RHEL 4 - 32-Bit ##
# wget ftp://ftp.mondorescue.org/rhel/4/i386/mondorescue.repo

## For CentOS/RHEL 4 - 64-Bit ##
# wget ftp://ftp.mondorescue.org/rhel/4/x86_64/mondorescue.repo

On Debian

## For Debian 6 ##
# wget ftp://ftp.mondorescue.org/debian/6/mondorescue.sources.list
# sh -c "cat mondorescue.sources.list >> /etc/apt/sources.list" 

## For Debian 5 ##
# wget ftp://ftp.mondorescue.org/debian/5/mondorescue.sources.list
# sh -c "cat mondorescue.sources.list >> /etc/apt/sources.list" 

On Ubuntu/Linux Mint

# wget ftp://ftp.mondorescue.org/ubuntu/`lsb_release -r|awk '{print $2}'`/mondorescue.sources.list
# sh -c "cat mondorescue.sources.list >> /etc/apt/sources.list" 

Step #2: Install MondoRescue

After downloading MondoRescue Repository, run following command to install MondoRescue.

On Linux

# yum install mondo

On Debain

# apt-get update 
# apt-get install mondo

On Ubuntu/Linux Mint

# apt-get update 
# apt-get install mondo

Step #3: Creating Cloning or Backup ISO Image of System

After installing Mondo, Run “mondoarchive” command from “root” user. Then follow steps according to screenshot that shows how to create Backup/Clone in ISO based backup media of your full system.

# mondoarchive

First you need to choose the backup media and press Enter.
mondo

Please enter the full path name to the directory for your ISO Images and press Enter.
mondo_1

Now select the type of compression type like: bzip2, gzip, lzo & lzma and press Enter.
mondo_2

Now select the compression level and press Enter.
mondo_3

Please enter how large you want each ISO image in MB (Megabytes) and press Enter.
mondo_4

Please give the name of ISO image filename and press Enter.
mondo_5

Please add the filesystems to backup (separated by “|“). The default filesystem is “/” means full backup.
mondo_6

Please exclude the filesystem that you don’t want to backup like /tmp.
mondo_7

Please enter your temporary directory path or select default one.
mondo_8

Now enter your scratch directory path or select default one.
mondo_9

If you would like to backup extended attributes. Just press “enter“.
mondo_10

It will found full path name of your Kernel.
mondo_11

If you want to Verify your backup, then Click “Yes“
mondo_12

If you want to proceed the backup then click on “Yes”.
mondo_13

Creating a catalog of “/” filesystem.
mondo_14

Dividing filelist into sets.
mondo_15

Backing up filesytem. It may take a couple of hours, please be patient.
mondo_16

Backing up big files.
mondo_16

Running “mkisofs” to make ISO Image.
mondo_17

Verifying ISO Image tarballs.
mondo_18

Finally, Mondo Archive has completed. Please hit “Enter” to back to the shell prompt.
mondo_19

Step #4: Check Log File.

See details of backup run in MondoRescue log file:

# tailf /var/log/mondoarchive.log
....
DBG2: [Main] mondoarchive.c->distro_specific_kludges_at_end_of_mondoarchive#133: Restarting magicdev if necessary
DBG2: [Main] mondoarchive.c->distro_specific_kludges_at_end_of_mondoarchive#137: Restarting autofs if necessary
DBG2: [Main] mondoarchive.c->distro_specific_kludges_at_end_of_mondoarchive#141: Restarting supermounts if necessary
DBG2: [Main] mondoarchive.c->distro_specific_kludges_at_end_of_mondoarchive#145: Unmounting /boot if necessary
DBG3: [Main] libmondo-tools.c->unmount_boot_if_necessary#1221: starting
DBG3: [Main] libmondo-tools.c->unmount_boot_if_necessary#1229: leaving
INFO: Time finished: Mon Sep 14 22:03:35 2015

INFO: Mondo Archive has finished its run. Please press ENTER to return to the shell prompt.
INFO: See /var/log/mondoarchive.log for details of backup run.
INFO: running: umount -d /mnt/cdrom > /tmp/mondo.tmp.bTBlKQ/mondo-run-prog-thing.tmp 2> /tmp/mondo.tmp.bTBlKQ/mondo-run-prog-thing.err
INFO: --------------------------------start of output-----------------------------
INFO: umount: /mnt/cdrom: not mounted
INFO: --------------------------------end of output------------------------------
INFO: ...ran with res=256
DBG1: [Main] ../common/newt-specific.c->finish#436: Calling newtSuspend()

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