How to configure Squid on CentOS/RHEL
Squid is a high-performance HTTP and FTP caching proxy server. It is otherwise called a Web proxy cache. As it stores information from frequently used Web pages and files, it can frequently give your users the information they require without their systems needing to look to the Internet. Proxy servers work as a intermediary between a local network and Internet. Requests from local clients for web services can be taken care of by the proxy server.
From squid web proxy server you can control what ought to be access on your network from web. It could be act as a filter that could filter everything from porn site to advertise, videos etc.
First we need to install squid using yum command.
# yum install squid -y
Add internal network name into the IP networks list where browsing should be allowed. Squid default configuration file is “/etc/squid/squid.conf”.
# vi /etc/squid/squid.conf
In this example, your internal network name is “technical”:
# Example rule allowing access from your local networks. # Adapt to list your (internal) IP networks from where browsing # should be allowed acl localnet src 10.0.0.0/8 # RFC1918 possible internal network acl localnet src 172.16.0.0/12 # RFC1918 possible internal network acl localnet src 192.168.0.0/16 # RFC1918 possible internal network acl localnet src fc00::/7 # RFC 4193 local private network range acl localnet src fe80::/10 # RFC 4291 link-local (directly plugged) machines acl technical src 192.168.78.0/24 # Your internal network
Add technical in the ACL section to list your (internal) IP network from where browsing should be allowed
http_access allow localnet http_access allow localhost http_access allow technical
Make sure squid proxy port is uncomment. You can change the proxy port to any available port here.
# Squid normally listens to port 3128 http_port 3128
After configuring squid need to start squid service.
For CentOS 5/6: # service squid start For CentOS 7: # systemctl start squid
Configure Proxy on Client:
Configure at proxy setting at client’s browser as below :
Setting > Change Proxy Settings > Lan Settings > check proxy server > advanced
Firefox: Tools > Option > Advanced > Network > Settings
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