How to create Apache Virtual Host on Ubuntu

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Apache is the most well known web server on the Internet. It is used to serve more than half of every single dynamic site. Virtual Hosts are utilized to setup more than one domain or sites utilizing a single IP address. This is exceptionally valuable on the off chance that anyone needs to run multiple sites using a single IP address on single VPS.

See Also:

  • Types of Virtual Web Hosting in Apache
  • How To Set Up Apache Virtual Hosts on CentOS 5/6/7
  • How to create Multiple Virtual Host in CentOS/RHEL 5/6/7
  • How to Password Protect your Website using .htaccess
  • apache-ubuntu

    Step #1: Install Apache WebServer

    Before installing Apache WebServer, let us update our Ubuntu server:

    # sudo apt-get update
    

    Now Install Apache WebServer on Ubuntu system, If it’s not install run below command:

    # sudo apt-get install apache2
    

    Step #2: Create DocumentRoot

    First you need to create a directory where you will keep the new website code.

    # sudo mkdir -p /home/techoism/public_html
    

    Step #3: Set Ownership and Permission

    We have to grant ownership for directory to the user, We should change the ownership of directory to the regular user.

    # sudo chown -R techoism:techoism /home/techoism/public_html
    

    Moreover, it is important to verify that everybody will have the able to read our new files.

    # sudo chmod -R 755 /home/techoism/public_html
    

    Step #4: Create the Sample Page

    Create a sample index file for testing purpose in document root.

    # sudo cd /home/techoism/public_html
    # sudo vim index.html
    
    <html>
      <head>
        <title>www.techoism.com</title>
      </head>
      <body>
        <h1>You have successfully set up a Virtual Host on Ubuntu System</h1>
      </body>
    </html>
    

    Step #5: Turn on Virtual Host

    Now Edit the apache configuration file and make the below changes.

    # sudo vim /etc/apache2/sites-available/techoism.conf
    

    Add the below lines at the end of the page:

    <VirtualHost *:80>
        ServerAdmin dennis.r@techoism.com
        DocumentRoot /home/techoism/public_html
        ServerName ubuntu.techoism.com
        ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
        CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined
    <Directory "/home/techoism/public_html">
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride All
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all
        Require all granted
    </Directory>
    </VirtualHost>
    

    Step #6: Enable Virtual Host

    After modifying the virtual hosts files, disable the default virtual host (000.default.conf), and enable new virtual hosts as shown below.

    # sudo a2dissite 000-default.conf
    # sudo a2ensite techoism.conf
    

    Step #7: Restart Apache WebServer

    Now restrat Apache WebServer.

    For Ubuntu 15.10/15.04
    # sudo systemctl restart apache2
    For Ubuntu 14.10 and earlier version
    # sudo service apache2 restart
    

    Step #8: Verify the Configuration

    Now you can verify the configuration on your browser by running below domain:

    http://ubuntu.techoism.com
    

    apache-virtual-host

    Enjoy it!

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