Apache authentication can be configured to require site users to login with a user id and secret key. Secret key securing a directory on your site is very simple. Website admins normally need to secure a directory in the event that they have data that they need to make accessible just to a chose number of people.
See Also: Types of Virtual Web Hosting in Apache How To Set Up Apache Virtual Hosts on CentOS 5/6/7 How to create Multiple Virtual Host in CentOS/RHEL 5/6/7 How to create Apache Virtual Host on Ubuntu How to Install LAMP on CentOS/RHEL 7 Install LAMP on CentOS/RHEL 5/6
Apache configuration files:
RedHat / Fedora / CentOS: "/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf"
Ubuntu / Debian: "/etc/apache2/apache2.conf"
Follow below steps to protect your website with a Password Using .htaccess:
Step #1: Create a .htaccess file
First access the directory you want to protect with password. Create .htaccess file and add below entries:
# cd /home/techoism/public_html/Admin/
# vim .htaccess
Note: AuthName: “AuthName” will be displayed when the browser prompts for a password. AuthType: “AuthType” tells the server what sort of processing is in use, and “Basic” is the most common and perfectly adequate for almost any purpose. AuthUserFile: “AuthUserFile” line tells the Apache web server where it can locate this password file. require: If we want to grant access to everyone in the .htpasswd file, we can add this line (“valid-user” is like a keyword, telling apache any user will do)
Step #2: Create the Password File
If you don’t current have an .htpasswd, use the “-c” option to create the file with the first user. It will prompt you for a password and encrypt it for you.
# htpasswd -c /home/techoism/public_html/Admin/.htpasswd dennis
If you already have the .htpasswd file and would like to append a new user run the following command:
# htpasswd -m /home/techoism/public_html/Admin/.htpasswd steve
Step #3: Verify the Configuration
Now you can verify the configuration on your browser by running below domain: